archetype

[17] Archetype comes, via Latin archetypum, from Greek arkhétupon, a nominal use of the adjective arkhétupos, literally ‘firstmoulded’, from túpos ‘mould, model, type’. The Greek prefix arkhe- was based on the noun arkhos ‘chief, ruler’, a derivative of the verb arkhein ‘begin, rule’ (see ARCHIVES). It first entered our language (via Latin archi-) in the Old English period, as arce- (archbishop was an early compound formed with it); and it was reborrowed in the Middle English period from Old French arche-. Its use has gradually extended from ‘highest in status’ and ‘first of its kind’ to ‘the ultimate – and usually the worst – of its kind’, as in archcraitor. Its negative connotations lie behind its eventual development, in the 17th century, into an independent adjective, first as ‘cunning, crafty’, later as ‘saucy, mischievous’. The same Greek root has provided English with the suffixes -arch and -archy (as in monarch, oligarchy); but here the original meaning of ‘ruling’ has been preserved much more stably. => ARCHAIC, ARCHIVES

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

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  • ARCHÉTYPE — On appelle archétype un modèle idéal, un type suprême ou un prototype: dans ce sens, les Idées chez Platon sont le modèle en même temps que le fondement des choses. Bien d’autres philosophes (Malebranche, Berkeley, mais aussi Locke et Condillac)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Archetype — Ar che*type ([aum]r k[ e]*t[imac]p), n. [L. archetypum, Gr. arche typon, fr. arche typos stamped first and as model; arche = archi + ty pos stamp, figure, pattern, ty ptein to strike: cf. F. arch[ e]type. See {Arch }, pref.] 1. The original… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • archetype — Archetype. s. m. Original, modele, patron. La beauté de Dieu est l archetype de toutes les beautez créées. Il est quelquefois adjectif, & on dit, Le monde archetype, pour dire, Le modele du monde visible …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • archétype — ARCHÉTYPE. s. m. Terme didactique. (Il se prononce Arkétype.) Original, patron, modèle, sur lequel on fait un ouvrage. Il n est guère d usage qu en cette phrase, L Archétype du monde, qui est, selon le langage des Philosophes, l idée de Dieu sur… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • archetype — index example, exemplar, model, paradigm, pattern, precedent, prototype, sample, standard …   Law dictionary

  • archetype — (n.) original pattern from which copies are made, 1540s, from L. archetypum, from Gk. arkhetypon pattern, model, figure on a seal, neuter of adjective arkhetypos first moulded, from arkhe first (see ARCHON (Cf. archon)) + typos model, type, blow …   Etymology dictionary

  • archetype — [n] typical example classic exemplar, form, ideal, model, original, paradigm, pattern, perfect specimen, prime example, prototype, standard; concepts 636,686 Ant. atypical …   New thesaurus

  • archetype — ► NOUN 1) a very typical example. 2) an original model. 3) a recurrent motif in literature or art. DERIVATIVES archetypal adjective archetypical adjective. ORIGIN Greek arkhetupon, from arkhe primitive + tupos a model …   English terms dictionary

  • archetype — [är′kə tīp΄] n. [L archetypus < Gr archetypon < archos (see ARCH ) + typos (see TYPE)] 1. the original pattern, or model, from which all other things of the same kind are made; prototype 2. a perfect example of a type or group 3. in Jungian …   English World dictionary

  • Archetype — An archetype (pronounced: /IPA|ˈɑːkɪtaɪp/ (Brit.) or /IPA|ˈɑrkɪtaɪp/ (Amer.)) is an original model of a person, object, or concept from which similar instances are derived, copied, patterned, or emulated. In psychology, an archetype is a model of …   Wikipedia

  • Archetype — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Archétype. Archetype Album par Fear Factory Sortie 2004 Enregistrement Octobre Novembre 2003 Durée …   Wikipédia en Français

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